pmAnywhere - Discussions
Shared Definitions/ Glossary (96)
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15
2018-08-14 16:22:42
Abraham's Law
()
Civil Engineering
()
Abrams' law (also called Abrams' water-cement ratio law) is a concept in civil engineering. The law states the strength of a concrete mix is inversely related to the mass ratio of water to cement. As the water content increases, the strength of concrete decreases. MOUGHASX water, cement
 
16
2018-08-14 06:27:35
Abrasion
()
Mechanical Engineering
()
Abrasion is the process of scuffing, scratching, wearing down, marring, or rubbing away. It generally means that the surface layer has been broken. MOUGHASX abrasion, scratch
 
17
2018-08-14 06:33:07
Abutment
()
Civil Engineering
()
An abutment refers to the substructure at the ends of a bridge span or a dam whereon the superstructure rests or contacts. Single-span bridges have abutments at each end which provide vertical and lateral support for the bridge, as well as acting as retaining walls to resist lateral movement of the earthen fill of the bridge approach. sohelmugal abutment, bridge, dam
 
10
2018-08-13 16:27:02
Activated Sludge Process
(ASP)
Sewerage
()
The activated sludge process is a type of wastewater treatment process for treating sewage or industrial wastewaters using aeration and a biological flocculant composed of bacteria and protozoa, for oxidizing carbonaceous biological matter, oxidizing nitrogenous matter: mainly ammonium and nitrogen in biological matter, removing nutrients (nitrogen and phosphorus). sohelmugal sludge
 
68
2018-08-21 20:14:35
Additive
()
Civil Engineering
()
It is a substance added to another in relatively small amounts to impart or improve desirable properties or suppress undesirable properties. GMT additive
 
13
2018-08-14 16:16:04
Adhesion
()
Mechanical Engineering
()
Adhesion is the tendency of dissimilar particles or surfaces to cling to one another (cohesion refers to the tendency of similar or identical particles/surfaces to cling to one another). adminimport adhesion, cohesion
 
46
2018-08-19 11:20:48
Adiabatic
()
Chemical Engineering
()
A process that does not involve the transfer of heat or matter into or out of a system, so that Q = 0, is called an adiabatic process, and such a system is said to be adiabatically isolated. GMT heat
 
19
2018-08-15 09:44:43
Air Changes
(ACH)
Heating Ventilation Air Conditioning
()
Air changes per hour ( Also called air change rate or air exchange rate) equals the hourly ventilation rate divided by the volume of a space. For perfectly mixed air or laminar flow spaces, this is equal to the number of times per hour that the volume the space is exchanged by mechanical and natural ventilation. MOUGHASX air, HVAC
 
42
2018-08-19 05:33:14
Alternating Current
(AC)
Electrical Engineering
()
Alternating current (AC) is an electric current which periodically reverses direction, in contrast to direct current (DC) which flows only in one direction. As a result, the voltage level also reverses along with the AC. Home and office outlets are almost always AC. This is because generating and transporting AC across long distances is relatively easy. At high voltages (over 110kV), less energy is lost in electrical power transmission. Higher voltages mean lower currents, and lower currents mean less heat generated in the power line due to resistance. AC can be converted to and from high voltages easily using transformers. GMT current
 
41
2018-08-19 10:35:04
American Wire Gauge
(AWG)
Electrical Engineering
()
It is a standard measuring gauge for non-ferrous conductors (i.e., non-iron and non-steal). Lower gauge numbers indicate larger conductor size. e.g. AWG 10 = 2.5882 mm Diameter = 5.2612 mm2 Cross sectional area. Whereas AWG 5 = 4.6213 mm Diameter = 16.7732 mm2 Cross sectional area. GMT cable, electricity
 
37
2018-08-19 09:37:50
Ampere
(A)
Electrical Engineering
(Ampere)
An ampere is a unit of electric current which is a measure of the rate of electron flow or current in an electrical conductor. (It is analogous to cubic feet of water flowing per second). One ampere (1A) of current represents one Coulomb of electrical charge (6.24 x 1018 charge carriers) moving past a specific point in one second. GMT current
 
69
2018-08-21 20:16:01
Angle of Repose
()
Civil Engineering
()
It is the angle between the horizontal and the natural slope of loose material below which the material will not slide. GMT soil, repose
 
70
2018-08-21 10:17:54
Arris
()
Civil Engineering
()
Arris is the sharp external (outside) corner edge that is formed at the junction of two planes or surfaces. GMT arris
 
92
2018-09-03 22:21:32
Authority Having Jurisdiction
(AHJ)
Administration
()
Authority having jurisdiction (AHJ) is the governmental agency or sub-agency or a municipality or a regulatory body that regulates the affairs of a profession, discipline, trade, work etc. e.g. for a construction project, the local municipality is the AHJ, where the building is located. Before any excavations for foundations, builders are typically required to verify and have existing utility lines marked, after consultations with the AHJ, so that damages to the existing electrical, water, sewage, phone, and cable facilities can be avoided. AHJ serves as a central point of contact to avoid potentially hazardous situations or outages. During the construction of a building, the municipal building inspector inspects the building periodically to ensure that the construction adheres to the approved plans and the local building code/ fire codes etc.. Once construction is complete and a final inspection may be required to get an occupancy permit. GMT jurisdiction
 
80
2018-09-04 07:23:33
Bandwidth
()
Communications
()
A measurement of the amount of data that can be transmitted over a network at any given time. The higher the network's bandwidth, the greater the volume of data that can be transmitted. For digital devices, the bandwidth is usually expressed in bits per second(bps) or bytes per second. For analog devices, the bandwidth is expressed in cycles per second, or Hertz (Hz). People can hear sound frequencies as low as 20 Hz, and high as 20,000 Hz. A band of frequencies is a continuous range of frequencies; the band of frequencies people can hear is from 20 Hz to 20,000 Hz. Bandwidth is the width of a frequency band; The width is the highest frequency minus the lowest frequency. In the hearing example, the bandwidth of a person's ears is about 20,000 Hz - 20 Hz = 19,980 Hz. GMT frequency, bandwidth, band, hertz
 
103
2018-09-25 20:03:10
Benchmarking
(BM)
All Disciplines
()
Benchmarking means setting performance standards based on industry best practices. It is a measurement of quality by comparing of an organisations products, policies, programs, strategies, and efficiencies etc. with other organisations, peers and related industry standards. The objective is to determine where improvement is needed, analyse how other organisations achieve better results or higher levels of performance in the areas where improvement is needed and then create new performance criteria and implement. sohelmugal benchmarking
 
18
2018-08-14 16:39:30
Bending Moment
(BM)
Civil Engineering
()
A bending moment is the reaction induced in a structural element when an external force or moment is applied to the element causing the element to bend. If body is constrained, it develops internal forces in response to the external force so that equilibrium is maintained. These internal forces will cause local deformations in the body. For equilibrium, the sum of the internal force vectors is equal to the applied external force and the sum of the moment vectors created by the internal forces is equal to the moment of the external force. The internal force and moment vectors are oriented in such a way that the total force (internal + external) and moment (external + internal) of the system is zero. The internal moment vector is called the bending moment. sohelmugal moment, bending, force, equilibrium
 
81
2018-09-04 07:25:00
Boolean Logic
()
Information Technology Hardware
()
A form of algebra in which all values are reduced to either true/false, yes/no, on/off, or 1/0. GMT logic
 
33
2018-08-16 09:01:56
Breakdown Structure
()
Project Management
()
A hierarchical structure by which project elements are broken down, or decomposed. Examples include: cost breakdown structure (CBS), organizational breakdown structure (OBS), product breakdown structure (PBS), and work breakdown structure (WBS). GMT breakdown
 
82
2018-09-03 21:29:10
Business Continuity Plan
(BCP)

()
Business Continuity Plan is a set of documents, instructions, and procedures which enable a business to respond to (local equipment failure to global disaster) accidents, disasters, emergencies, and/or threats without any stoppage or hindrance in its key operations. It can also be called a business resumption plan, disaster recovery plan, or recovery plan. GMT business
 
50
2018-08-19 11:54:01
Central Processing Unit
(CPU)
Information Technology Hardware
()
The central processing unit (CPU) is the unit which performs most of the processing inside a computer. A central processing unit (CPU) is a name given to electronic circuitry in the "stored program computer" that carries out the instructions of the stored computer program by performing the basic arithmetic, logical, control and input/output (I/O) operations specified by the instructions. GMT computer, hardware
 
60
2018-08-21 16:21:47
Charter
()
Project Management
()
Before starting a project, it is important to know the overall objectives of the project, as well as the scope, deliverables, risks, assumptions, project organization chart, etc. The project definition (or charter) is the document that holds this relevant information. The project manager is responsible for creating the project definition. The document should be approved by the sponsor to signify that the project manager and the sponsor are in agreement on these important aspects of the project. GMT project, charter
 
39
2018-08-19 00:45:56
Circuit
()
Electrical Engineering
()
An Electrical Circuit is a complete closed loop electrical network in which various electrical components (e.g. batteries, resistors, inductors, capacitors, switches) are interconnected with a return path for the current. A circuit allows charge to move from one place to another. Components in the circuit allow us to control this charge and use it to do work. More on https://learn.sparkfun.com/tutorials/voltage-current-resistance-and-ohms-law GMT electric, circuit
 
62
2018-08-21 17:30:22
Close-out
()
Project Management
()
The practice of project close-out finalizes all project activities completed across all phases of the project to formally close the project and transfer the completed or cancelled project as appropriate. The purpose of project closeout is to assess the project, ensure completion, and derive any lessons learned and best practices to be applied to future projects. However, in multi-phase projects, the close-out practice may be applied at various stages of the project; upon deliverable completion, upon phase completion, upon iteration completion, at designated times during the project's life, or at whatever other juncture represents a completed segment of project work. Applying the close-out practice in this manner closes out only the portion of the project scope and associated activities applicable to that portion of the project. The close-out process formally terminates all activities of a project or phase. GMT project, close, handover
 
97
2018-09-08 22:57:51
Cobble
()
Civil Engineering
(Cubic Meter)
In Geology, it is a rock fragment, between 2-1/2 and 10 in. (64 and 256 mm) in diameter. In Construction as applied to coarse aggregates for concrete, cobble is in the nominal size range 3 to 6 in. (75 to 150 mm). On the other hand, Cobblestone is usually rounded or semirounded, with an average dimension between 3 and 12 in. (75 and 300 mm). sohelmugal stone
 
14
2018-08-14 16:17:10
Cohesion
()
Mechanical Engineering
()
Cohesion is the tendency of similar or identical particles/surfaces to cling to one another, whereas adhesion is the tendency of dissimilar particles or surfaces to cling to one another. adminimport adhesion, cohesion
 
77
2018-08-27 09:47:09
Coincidence Factor
()
Electrical Engineering
()
Coincidence factor is the peak of a system divided by the sum of peak loads of its individual components. It tells how likely the individual components are peaking at the same time. The highest possible coincidence factor is 1, when all of the individual components are peaking at the same time. GMT electrical, coincidence, factor
 
98
2018-09-08 22:59:51
Column
()
Civil Engineering
(Linear Meter)
It is a member of a structure with a ratio of height-to-least-lateral-dimension exceeding 3. It is used primarily to support axial compressive load. sohelmugal column
 
93
2018-09-05 10:21:07
Common Path of Egress Travel
(CPET)
Fire Engineering
(Linear Meter)
Common path of travel is the distance an occupant must travel before they get to a point where they have their choice of more than one exit. On the other hand the Exit access travel distance is the maximum distance that occupant must travel before they reach an exit. For instance, an occupant may only need to travel 50 feet before they have their option of two ways out (hence common path of travel is met as per standards). But they may be 500 feet from the nearest exit (which means that travel distance requirement is NOT met as per standards). GMT fire, egress
 
63
2018-08-21 17:33:55
Communication Management Plan
()
Project Management
()
It is a document that is a part/ subsidiary of the Project Management plan and describes the communications needs and expectations for the project. It shows how and in what format information will be communicated. The plan details when and where each communication will be made. It enlists all who are responsible for providing each type of communication. A communication management plan can be formal or informal, highly detailed or broadly framed, based on the requirements of the project stakeholders. GMT communication, plan, project
 
83
2018-09-04 07:31:04
Content Management System
(CMS)
Information Technology Software
()
'Content Management System' is the collection of procedures used to manage work flow in a collaborative environment. In a CMS, data can be defined as nearly anything: documents, movies, pictures, phone numbers, scientific data, and so forth. CMSs are frequently used for storing, controlling, revising, semantically enriching, and publishing documentation. Serving as a central repository, the CMS increases the version level of new updates to an already existing file. Version control is one of the primary advantages of a CMS. GMT information
 
99
2018-09-08 23:02:55
Control Joint
()
Civil Engineering
()
It is a formed, sawed, or tooled groove on the surface of a concrete structure to create a weakened plane to regulate the location of cracking resulting from the dimensional reduction of adjacent sections of the structure. sohelmugal joint, crack
 
64
2018-08-21 17:43:00
Cost
()
Project Management
()
The monetary value or price of a project activity or component that includes the monetary worth of the resources required to perform and complete the activity or component, or to produce the component. A specific cost can be composed of a combination of cost components including direct labor hours, other direct costs, indirect labor hours, other indirect costs, and purchased price. GMT cost, price
 
51
2018-08-21 15:24:17
Critical Path
()
Project Management
()
The critical path is the sequence of activities that must be completed on schedule without delays so that the entire project could be completed on schedule. It is the longest duration path through the workplan. If an activity on the critical path is delayed by one day, the entire project will be delayed by one day (unless another activity on the critical path can be accelerated by one day). GMT schedule, critical
 
38
2018-08-19 00:42:28
Current
(I)
Electrical Engineering
(Ampere)
Electricity is the movement of electrons. Electrons create charge, which we can harness to do work. An electric current is a flow of electric charge and is measured in Amperes. Electric current is measured using a device called an Ammeter. In electric circuits electric charge is carried by electrical charge carriers, usually electrons or electron-deficient atoms. Current is the rate at which charge is flowing and is expressed as ratio of quantity of charge and time. Hence I = Q/t GMT electric, current, ampere
 
20
2018-08-15 09:47:42
Damper
()
Heating Ventilation Air Conditioning
()
A damper is a valve or plate that stops or regulates the flow of air inside a duct, chimney, VAV box, air handler, or other air-handling equipment. A damper may be used to cut off central air conditioning (heating or cooling) to an unused room, or to regulate it for room-by-room temperature and climate control. Its operation can be manual or automatic. Manual dampers are turned by a handle on the outside of a duct. Automatic dampers are used to regulate airflow constantly and are operated by electric or pneumatic motors, in turn controlled by a thermostat or building automation system. MOUGHASX air, flow
 
72
2018-08-21 20:31:10
Density - Bulk
()
Civil Engineering
()
Bulk Density (aka total density) is the total mass of the soil (i.e. mass of soil solids, water and air) per unit volume of that soil. Knowing that A soil is a complex three phase system - comprising of soil solids, water and air, the dry density comparatively is mass of soil solids only per unit volume of the soil. Hence Note that dry density of soil mass is different than the density of soil solids. GMT soil, density
 
73
2018-08-21 10:37:53
Density - Dry
()
Civil Engineering
()
Dry density of soil is defined as the ratio of Mass of solids to the total volume of the soil. In compaction of soils, the main aim is to keep the soil particles close together which leads to improve dry density of soil. The soil with maximum dry density is suitable for the several constructional purposes. But maximum dry density of soil through compaction will be possible at a particular moisture content called optimum moisture content. Hence compaction purely depends upon the relationship between moisture content of soil and its dry density. As water is added to a soil at low moisture contents, it becomes easier for the particles to move past one another during the application of compacting force. The particles come closer, the voids are reduced and this causes the dry density to increase. As the water content increases, the soil particles develop larger water films around them. This increase in dry density continues till a stage is reached where water starts occupying the space that could have been occupied by the soil grains. Thus the water at this stage hinders the closer packing of grains and reduces the dry unit weight. The maximum dry density (MDD) occurs at an optimum water content (OMC). GMT density, soil
 
71
2018-08-21 20:25:04
Density - Volumetric mass
()
Mechanical Engineering
(Kilogram per Cubic Meter )
Density (or precisely Volumetric Mass Density) is a measurement that compares the amount of matter an object has to its volume. An object with much matter in a certain volume has high density. An object with little matter in the same amount of volume has a low density. GMT mass, volume
 
47
2018-08-19 21:23:26
Dew Point
()
Chemical Engineering
()
When air cools to its dew point through contact with a surface that is colder than the air, water will condense on the surface. Devices called hygrometers are used to measure dew point over a wide range of temperatures. These devices consist of a polished metal mirror which is cooled as air is passed over it. The temperature at which dew forms is, by definition, the dew point. GMT dew, temperature
 
43
2018-08-19 15:39:15
Direct Current
(DC)
Electrical Engineering
()
Direct current (DC) is the unidirectional flow of electric charge. Rather than oscillating back and forth like AC, the DC provides a constant voltage or current. Voltage and current can vary over time so long as the direction of flow does not change. DC can be generated in a number of ways such as An AC generator equipped with a device called a “commutator” can produce direct current, or Use of a device called a “rectifier” that converts AC to DC, or Batteries provide DC, which is generated from a chemical reaction inside of the battery. DC is similar to a tank of water with a hose at the end, meaning the tank can only push water one way: out the hose. GMT current, electricity
 
78
2018-09-11 21:45:52
Diversity factor
()
Electrical Engineering
()
Diversity factor is sum of peak loads of all the components in a system divided by peak of the entire system. It is the reciprocal of coincidence factor. The higher the diversity factor, the more diverse the individual loads are in terms of peaking time. If the individual loads are peaking at the same time, the diversity factor is 1. The diversity factor is almost always larger than 1 since all components would have to be on simultaneously at full load for it to be one. A 70% diversity is When a device in question operates at its nominal or maximum load level 70% of the time when it is connected and turned on. GMT diversity, electrical, factor
 
84
2018-09-04 07:32:58
Dots per Inch
(dpi)
Information Technology Software
()
It is a measure of a printer's resolution. The higher the number, the better the print quality. A minimum of 300 dpi usually is required for professional quality printing. GMT printing
 
102
2018-09-19 07:08:14
Dry Port
()
Administration
()
An inland port OR a dry port is a physical site located away from traditional land, air and coastal borders with the vision to facilitate and process international trade through strategic investment in multi-modal transportation assets and by promoting value-added services as goods move through the supply chain. It is an inland intermodal terminal directly connected by road or rail to a seaport and operating as a centre for the transshipment of sea cargo to inland destinations. sohelmugal shipping
 
94
2018-09-05 00:40:46
Exit Access Travel Distance
(EATD)
Fire Engineering
()
According to IBC 2009, Section 1016.1, the EATD is the maximum length of exit access travel, measured from the most remote point within a story along the natural and unobstructed path of egress travel to an exterior exit. The exterior exit could be a door at the level of exit, discharge, an entrance to a vertical exit enclosure, an exit passageway, a horizontal exit, an exterior exit stairway or an exterior exit ramp. The concern with travel distance is to ensure that occupants can reach an exterior door or protected exit enclosure without having to take an extremely long path to get there, thus reducing the occupants’ exposure to a potential hazard. GMT fire, exit
 
85
2018-09-04 07:42:43
Female Connector
()
Electrical Engineering
()
The "female" connector (also called a jack or outlet) is a receptacle that receives and holds the "male" connector. A female connector is a connector attached to a wire, cable, or piece of hardware, having one or more recessed holes with electrical terminals inside, and constructed in such a way that a plug with exposed conductors ( male connector ) can be inserted snugly into it to ensure a reliable physical and electrical connection. When such connectors are disconnected or removed, the electrical conductors are not directly exposed, and therefore are not likely to make accidental contact with external objects or conductors. Female and Male connectors are both termed as "Mating Connectors". The assignment is a direct analogy with genitalia and heterosexual sex; the part bearing one or more protrusions, or which fits inside the other, being designated male in contrast to the part containing the corresponding indentations, or fitting outside the other, being designated female. GMT Connector
 
23
2018-08-15 09:59:04
Fire
()

()
Fires start when a flammable or a combustible material, in combination with a sufficient quantity of an oxidizer such as oxygen gas or another oxygen-rich compound, is exposed to a source of heat or ambient temperature above the flash point for the fuel/oxidizer mix, and is able to sustain a rate of rapid oxidation that produces a chain reaction. Fire cannot exist without the existence of right proportions of Heat, Fuel, Oxidizer, and Chain Reaction, commonly known as the Fire Tetrahedron. MOUGHASX fire, heat
 
22
2018-08-15 09:54:09
Fire Damper
()
Heating Ventilation Air Conditioning
()
Fire dampers are passive fire protection products used in heating, ventilation, and air conditioning (HVAC) ducts to prevent the spread of fire inside the ductwork through fire-resistance rated walls and floors. Fire/smoke dampers are similar to fire dampers in fire resistance rating, and also prevent the spread of smoke inside the ducts. When a rise in temperature occurs, the fire damper closes, usually activated by a thermal element which melts at temperatures higher than ambient but low enough to indicate the presence of a fire, allowing springs to close the damper blades. Fire dampers can also close following receipt of an electrical signal from a fire alarm system utilizing detectors remote from the damper, indicating the sensing of heat or smoke in the building occupied spaces or in the HVAC duct system. MOUGHASX fire, HVAC
 
89
2018-09-04 07:57:13
Fire Partition
()
Fire Engineering
()
A fire partition (also called a fire barrier wall) is a fire-rated wall assembly that provides lower levels of protection than typically provided by a fire wall. The main differences are that these fire resistant walls are not structurally self-sufficient. GMT fire
 
90
2018-09-03 22:02:23
Fire Protection (Passive)
(PFP)
Fire Engineering
()
Passive Fire Protection requires compartmentalization of a building/ structure through the use of fire-resistance rated walls and floors. PFP attempts to contain fires or slow the spread by providing physical barriers/ resistance. On the other hand, Active Fire Protection includes manual or automatic fire detection and fire suppression. (Refer to BS 476: Part 22: 1987, BS EN 1364-1: 1999 & BS EN 1364-2: 1999 or ASTM E119) GMT fire, protection, safety
 
91
2018-09-03 22:06:39
Fire Resistance
()
Fire Engineering
()
It is a duration, in minutes or hours, for which a PFP (Passive Fire Protection) can withstand a standard fire resistance test. GMT Fire
 
86
2018-09-04 07:46:43
Firewall
()
Communications
()
It is a network security device or system. A method of preventing unauthorized access to or from a particular system or network. Firewalls can be implemented in both hardware and software, or both. It is a system that monitors and controls incoming and outgoing network traffic based on predetermined security rules. It established a barrier between a trusted internal network and untrusted external network, such as the Internet. GMT security
 
88
2018-09-04 07:55:11
Firewall
()
Fire Engineering
()
A firewall is an assembly of materials used to physically separate spaces in a structure to prevent the spread of fire by constructing a wall which extends from the foundation through the roof with a prescribed fire resistance duration and independent structural stability. This allows a building to be subdivided into smaller sections. If a section becomes structurally unstable due to fire or other causes, that section can break or fall away from the other sections in the building. Firewalls are built between or through buildings, structures, electrical substation transformers, or within an aircraft or vehicle. GMT Fire
 
101
2018-09-14 02:41:29
Float
()
Planning/ Scheduling
()
In project management, float or slack is the amount of time that a task in a project network can be delayed without causing a delay to subsequent tasks ("free float") and/or project completion date ("total float"). The total float represents the schedule flexibility and can also be measured by subtracting early start dates from late start dates of path completion. sohelmugal schedule
 
56
2018-08-21 06:12:38
Functional Analysis
()
Project Management
()
Function Analysis is a technique used Value Engineering to identify and understand the needs of the project, product or service, (what does it do, what must it do). It is an essential component of the Value Engineering/Value Analysis process. In Function Analysis, functions are described in two-word definitions that describe the needs of the project, product or service being examined. The two words used to describe a function include an active verb and a measurable noun. The measurable noun identifies something that can be described and quantified. Although the function of a project, product or service could be provided in a descriptive paragraph, a verb-noun definition ensures concise descriptions that focus on one function at a time. GMT value
 
40
2018-08-19 05:34:48
Generator
()
Electrical Engineering
()
A machine that transforms mechanical energy into electricity. It consists of a magnet rotating in a coil wire, which frees electrons and pushes them along the wire. Motors and generators are the exact same device, but motors convert electrical energy into mechanical energy (if the shaft on a motor is spun, a voltage is generated at the terminals. GMT electricity, standby
 
87
2018-09-04 07:49:36
Global Positioning System
(GPS)
Land Surveying
()
It is a collection of Earth-orbiting satellites. GPS receiver uses a mathematical principle called "trilateration" that can tell us exactly where we are on Earth at any moment. GMT survey
 
96
2018-09-08 13:27:52
Global Trade Item Number
(GTIN)
Administration
()
It is an identifier for trade items used to look up product information in a database (often by entering the number through a barcode scanner pointed at an actual product) which may belong to a retailer, manufacturer, collector, researcher, or other entity. sohelmugal barcode
 
54
2018-08-21 15:30:41
Goal
()
Project Management
()
A Goal is a broad primary outcome. A Purpose is something that influences the goal. A Strategy is the approach you take to achieve a goal. An Objective is a measurable step you take to achieve a strategy. A Tactic is a tool you use in pursuing an objective associated with a strategy. GMT Goal, objective, Strategy
 
35
2018-08-16 09:19:02
Hazard
()
Project Management
()
A hazard is something that can cause harm, e.g. electricity, chemicals, working up a ladder, noise, a keyboard, a bully at work, stress, etc. Whereas, a risk is the chance, high or low, that any hazard will actually cause somebody harm. GMT hazard, risk
 
55
2018-08-21 15:32:44
Higher Order Function
(HOF)
Project Management
()
In FUNCTION ANALYSIS SYSTEM TECHNIQUE for VALUE ENGINEERING, Higher Order Function = Final Goal of the Project, Product or the Service. Basic Function = The Final Goal can not be considered as achieved or delivered if the basic function is eliminated. Secondary Function = Its a critical path function and eliminating this function will have an impact on the basic function. It is required and is necessary for the realization of the basic function. Critical Path = Higher Order Function, Basic and Secondary functions are on the Critical Path. Dependent Supporting Function = (DSF) It depends on another function to exist and comes into existence only when a specific method is used. Independent Supporting Function = (ISF) It does not depend on another function to exist and does not need a specific method. Lower Order Function = While The higher order functions (functions towards the left on the FAST Diagram) describe what is being accomplished, the lower order functions (functions towards the right on the FAST Diagram) describe how they are being accomplished. All-the-time Function = These are broad requirements applied within the subject scope, and are not usually directly related to the Basic Function. GMT value
 
28
2018-08-21 05:20:53
Histogram
()
Project Management
()
Histogram is a diagram consisting of rectangles whose area is proportional to the frequency of a variable and whose width is equal to the class interval. It is bar graph that represents a frequency distribution -- organized to show how often each possible outcome of a repeated event occurs. A manpower histogram can show how many people or hours are needed to get a job done over time, so you can schedule the right number of workers for each stage of a project. The x-axis can show the time line for the project. The y-axis can plot the number of workers or the number of hours they are going to be working. The bars' height corresponds to the number of people needed and where they stand on the time line represents where they are needed at that stage of the project. The typical distribution for this kind of project is an S curve, with a few workers at the start, sweeping up as the number of people and hours rises to the top, when most of the work is being done, and finally leveling off and declining when there is just a little is left to be done. sohelmugal resources, histogram, manpower
 
44
2018-08-19 06:04:10
Inertia
()
Mechanical Engineering
()
Inertia is the resistance of any physical object to any change in its state of position or of motion. This includes changes to the object's speed, direction, or state of rest. Newton's first law states that every object will remain at rest or in uniform motion in a straight line unless compelled to change its state by the action of an external force. This is normally taken as the definition of inertia. Newton created the axiom, called the First law of Motion, but the work on inertia has been discussed by Aristotle, Democritus and Galileo too. According to Aristotelian logic, a heavier object has a greater desire to be in its natural place. Thus it will fall faster than a less massive object. Aristotle did not consider inertia and was misled to believe that Objects have a natural place which they seek. For instance, objects made of wood, rock, and metal tend to seek out the Earth as that is their natural place to be. Objects made from air seek out the heavens and will tend to rise. This is natural motion. Violent motion would be something we do against an objects nature. So an exerted force will cause an object to move. Galileo accounted for the inertia of falling objects. So although the lead ball would be heavier than a wooden ball of the same size, it would also have more inertia. Since it has more inertia, it resists changes in its state of motion. It just so happens that this increase in inertia exactly cancels out the increase in weight, or the force of gravity. GMT motion, inertia
 
27
2018-08-15 04:17:23
Inspection
()
Quality
()
Inspection is the process of measuring, examining, and testing to gauge one or more characteristics of a product or service and the comparison of these with specified requirements to determine conformity. Products, processes, and various other results can be inspected to make sure that the object coming off a production line, or the service being provided, is correct and meets specifications. sohelmugal inspection, quality
 
61
2018-08-21 16:22:55
Lifecycle
()
Project Management
()
Lifecycle refers to the process used to build the deliverables produced by the project. There are many models for a project lifecycle. For software development, the entire lifecycle might consist of planning, analysis, design, construct/test, implementation, and support. This is an example of a "waterfall" lifecycle. Other lifecycles include iterative development, package implementation, and research and development. Each of these lifecycle models represents an approach to building the deliverables on your project. GMT lifecyle, project
 
76
2018-08-27 09:44:42
Load Factor
()
Electrical Engineering
()
Load factor is average load of a system divided by its peak load. The higher the load factor is, the smoother the load profile is, and the more the infrastructure is being utilized. The highest possible load factor is 1, which indicates a flat load profile. GMT load, electrical
 
49
2018-08-19 11:39:47
Macromolecule
()
Chemical Engineering
()
A macromolecule is a very large molecule, (in excess of 1,000 atoms) such as protein, commonly created by the polymerization of smaller subunits (monomers). GMT molecule
 
52
2018-08-21 15:26:18
Milestone
()
Project Management
()
A milestone is a scheduling event that signifies the completion of a major deliverable or a set of related deliverables. A milestone, by definition, has duration of zero and no effort. There is no work associated with a milestone. It is a flag in the workplan to signify that some other work has completed. Usually, a milestone is used as a project checkpoint to validate how the project is progressing. In many cases there is a decision, such as validating that the project is ready to proceed further, that needs to be made at a milestone. GMT schedule, milestone
 
53
2018-08-21 15:28:25
Objective
()
Project Management
()
An objective is a concrete statement that describes what the project or any activity is trying to achieve. The objective should be written at a low level, so that it can be evaluated at the conclusion of a project to see whether it was achieved. Project success is determined based on whether the project objectives were achieved. A technique for writing an objective is to make sure it is SMART (Specific, Measurable, Attainable/Achievable, Realistic, and Timebound). GMT objective, smart
 
2
2018-08-15 04:11:00
Peak Sun Hour
(PSH)
Electrical Engineering
()
One peak sun hour ( 1 PSH) is equivalent to 1000 watts of solar energy falling on an area of 1 square meter for 1 hour. PSH, Sun
 
74
2018-08-21 20:42:52
pH Scale
(pH)
Chemical Engineering
()
pH is a measure of how acidic/basic water is. The range goes from 0 - 14, with 7 being neutral. pHs of less than 7 indicate acidity, whereas a pH of greater than 7 indicates a base. pH is really a measure of the relative amount of free hydrogen and hydroxyl ions in the water. Water that has more free hydrogen ions is acidic, whereas water that has more free hydroxyl ions is basic. Since pH can be affected by chemicals in the water, pH is an important indicator of water that is changing chemically. GMT acid, base, alkali
 
75
2018-08-21 20:45:35
PHP
(PHP)
Information Technology Software
()
PHP is a script language and interpreter that is freely available and used primarily on Linux Web servers. PHP, originally derived from Personal Home Page Tools, now stands for PHP: Hypertext Preprocessor, which the PHP FAQ describes as a "recursive acronym." GMT language, php
 
48
2018-08-19 11:36:36
Polymer
()
Chemical Engineering
()
A molecule of high relative molecular mass, the structure of which essentially comprises the multiple repetition of units derived, actually or conceptually, from molecules of low relative molecular mass (monomers). Polymers are of two types: naturally occurring and synthetic or man made. Natural polymeric materials such as shellac, amber, wool, silk and natural rubber have been used for centuries. A variety of other natural polymers exist, such as cellulose, which is the main constituent of wood and paper. The list of synthetic polymers, roughly in order of worldwide demand, includes polyethylene, polypropylene, polystyrene, polyvinyl chloride, synthetic rubber, phenol formaldehyde resin (or Bakelite), neoprene, nylon, polyacrylonitrile, PVB, silicone, and many more. GMT polymer, monomer
 
11
2018-08-15 04:10:41
Pressure
(P)
Mechanical Engineering
(Pound per Square inch)
Pressure is the force applied perpendicular to the surface of an object per unit area over which that force is distributed. sohelmugal pressure
 
12
2018-08-21 05:21:46
Probability
(p)
Project Management
()
Probability is the measure of the likelihood that an event will occur. Probabilities can be numerically described by the number of desired outcomes divided by the total number of all outcomes. A simple example is the tossing of a fair (unbiased) coin. Since the coin is fair, the two outcomes ("heads" and "tails") are both equally probable; the probability of "heads" equals the probability of "tails"; and since no other outcomes are possible, the probability of either "heads" or "tails" is 1/2 (which could also be written as 0.5 or 50%). Tossing a fair coin twice will yield "head-head", "head-tail", "tail-head", and "tail-tail" outcomes. The probability of getting an outcome of "head-head" is 1 out of 4 outcomes or 1/4 or 0.25 (or 25%). sohelmugal probability, likelihood
 
66
2018-08-21 18:05:13
Process
()
Project Management
()
In engineering, a process is a series of interrelated tasks that, together, transform inputs into outputs, respecting constraints, requiring resources and meeting a defined mission in a given environment. These tasks may be carried out by people, nature or machines using various resources. GMT process, task, constraint
 
65
2018-08-21 18:01:20
Process Group
()
Project Management
()
A process means a series of actions or steps taken in order to achieve a particular end. A process group means a collection of processes. Among other things, a process group is used to control the distribution of information/ signals; so when a signal is directed to a process group, the signal is delivered to each process that is a member of the group. There are five process groups required for any project that have clear dependencies and that are required to be performed in the same sequence on each project, independent of the application area or the specifics of the applied project life cycle. The process groups are initiating, planning, executing, monitoring and controlling, and closing. GMT project, management, process
 
57
2018-08-21 16:15:59
Project
()
Project Management
()
A project is a temporary structure or organisation to organize and manage work and ultimately to build a specific defined deliverable or set of deliverables. By definition, all projects are unique, which is one reason it is difficult to compare different projects to one another. A project consists of a concrete and organized effort motivated by a perceived opportunity when facing a problem, a need, a desire or a source of discomfort (e.g., lack of proper ventilation in a building). It seeks the realization of a unique and innovative deliverable, such as a product, a service, a process, or in some cases, a scientific research. Each project has a beginning and an end, and as such is considered a closed dynamic system. It is developed along the 4 Ps of project management: Plan, Processes, People, and Power (e.g., line of authority). It is bound by the triple constraints that are calendar, costs and norms of quality, each of which can be determined and measured objectively along the project lifecycle. Each project produces some level of formal documentation, the deliverable(s), and some impacts, which can be positive and/or negative. GMT project
 
25
2018-08-15 04:48:46
Quality Assurance
(QA)
Quality
()
QA is process oriented. Quality Assurance is a Strategy of Prevention. QA will prevent a bug in a software application. In the ISO 9000 standard, Clause 3.2.11 defines Quality Assurance as: “A part of quality management focused on providing confidence that quality requirements will be fulfilled”. Simply put, Quality Assurance focuses on the process of quality, while Quality Control focuses on the quality of output. sohelmugal quality, assurance
 
24
2018-08-15 05:28:03
Quality Control
(QA)
Quality
()
QC is product oriented. Quality Control is a Strategy of Detection. QC will verify the quality of the output. QC will detect a bug in a software application. In the ISO 9000 standard, clause 3.2.10 defines Quality Control as: “A part of quality management focused on fulfilling quality requirements”. Simply put, Quality Assurance focuses on the process of quality, while Quality Control focuses on the quality of output. sohelmugal quality, control
 
26
2018-08-15 04:43:27
Quality Management System
(QMS)
Quality
()
Quality management system ensures that an organization, product or service is consistent. QMS is a formalized system that documents processes, procedures, and responsibilities for achieving quality policies and objectives. A QMS has four main components: quality planning, quality assurance, quality control and quality improvement. Quality management is focused not only on product and service quality, but also on the means to achieve quality. A QMS helps coordinate and direct an organization’s activities to meet customer and regulatory requirements and improve its effectiveness and efficiency on a continuous basis. sohelmugal quality
 
79
2018-08-27 09:48:23
Responsibility Factor
()
Electrical Engineering
()
Responsibility factor is the load of an individual component at the time of system peak divided by the peak load of this individual component. Responsibility factor tells how much of the component is contributing to the system peak. When a component peaks at the same time as the system, its responsibility factor is 100%. GMT responsibility, electrical, factor
 
34
2018-08-15 23:20:36
Risk
()
Project Management
()
A risk is a chance, an uncertain event/ circumstance/ a probable hazard which might happen in the future and which could significantly affect the achievement of an objective. It is the effect of uncertainty on objectives (ISO 3100). A hazard is something that can cause harm, e.g. electricity, chemicals, working up a ladder, noise, a keyboard, a bully at work, stress, etc. Whereas, a risk is the chance, high or low, that any hazard will actually cause somebody harm. GMT risk
 
29
2018-08-15 22:33:37
Schedule
()
Planning/ Scheduling
()
Its a time management tool and shows a series of actions/ events/ tasks to be done or to occur at or during a particular time or period showing start and end dates of the tasks. A schedule also shows the sequence of events in the chronological order in which such things are intended to take place. A schedule also shows the resources which will be required/ need to be committed to complete the tasks within the allotted durations. Schedules are used to show bus timings, art gallery events, broadcasts, sporting events, construction time lines, milestones, status and delays etc. sohelmugal schedule
 
30
2018-08-15 22:58:42
Schedule - Baseline
()
Planning/ Scheduling
()
A baseline is generally the first approved schedule of the project. It is a fixed schedule, which represents the standard that is used to measure/ monitor the performance of the project. Baseline schedule is changed every time a change to the scope of the project is approved, the schedule should be adjusted and thus a new revision of the baseline should be used instead for execution and monitoring. GMT schedule
 
31
2018-08-16 08:50:06
Schedule - Recovery
()
Planning/ Scheduling
()
A Recovery Plan or Schedule is required when the completion date of the project can not be extended but some tasks have already shown delays/ slippage from planned start/ end dates. When delays occur, the existing approved schedule does not represent the actual work ongoing. Recovery Schedule generally requires recovering the lost time by adding more resources, work shifts etc. GMT recovery, schedule
 
32
2018-08-15 23:00:45
Schedule - Revised
()
Planning/ Scheduling
()
A Revised Schedule is required when scope has changed (increased/ decreased) or delays have occurred and the project can not be completed at the approved completion date. When tasks have already shown delays/ slippage from planned start/ end dates, the existing approved schedule does not represent the actual work ongoing. So the Revised Schedule will show the delayed but actual start and end dates, delayed but newly planned start and end dates, and the delayed but newly planned project completion date. When the baseline schedule is revised, its called the revised baseline schedule. GMT schedule
 
45
2018-08-19 15:50:28
Scientific Method
()
Design
()
The idea of the Scientific Method is that a student develops a hypothesis, designs an experiment, gathers data, analyzes the data and makes conclusions. Although a nice idea in theory, scientists do NOT actually always use the Scientific Method. In fact, there is not one method for doing science. Scientists use a combination of planned experimentation, modeling, trial and error, and pure exploratory research. GMT research
 
58
2018-08-21 16:19:25
Scope
()
Project Management
()
Scope is the way you describe the boundaries of the project. It defines what the project will deliver and what it will not deliver. High-level scope is set in your project definition (charter) and includes all of your deliverables and the boundaries of your project. The detailed scope is identified through your business requirements. Any changes to your project deliverables, boundaries, or requirements would require approval through scope change management. Scope triangle (with cost, time and quality) illustrates the relationship between three primary forces in a project. Time is the available time to deliver the project, cost represents the amount of money or resources available and quality represents the fit-to-purpose that the project must achieve to be a success. GMT scope, project
 
67
2018-08-21 18:08:39
Sludge
()
Mechanical Engineering
()
It is a muddy or slushy mass, deposit, or sediment, a settled suspension, semi-solid slurry: such as precipitated solid matter produced by water and sewage treatment processes. GMT slurry, sludge
 
21
2018-08-14 23:51:37
Smoke Damper
()
Heating Ventilation Air Conditioning
()
Smoke dampers are passive fire protection products used in air conditioning and ventilation ductwork or installed in physical smoke barriers (e.g., walls). This may be done to prevent the spread of smoke from the space of fire origin to other spaces in the same building. MOUGHASX smoke, HVAC
 
59
2018-08-21 16:20:36
Stakeholder
()
Project Management
()
Stakeholders are specific people or groups who have a stake in the outcome of the project. Normally stakeholders are from within the company and may include internal clients, management, employees, administrators, etc. A project can also have external stakeholders, including suppliers, investors, community groups, and government organizations. GMT project, stakeholder
 
100
2018-09-10 15:30:42
Tint
()
Administration
()
If a color is made lighter by adding white, the result is called a tint. If black is added, the darker version is called a shade. And if gray is added, the result is a different tone. sohelmugal color
 
95
2018-09-08 13:25:54
Universal Product Code
(UPC)
Administration
()
It is a collection of bars and numbers that is widely used in the United States, Canada, United Kingdom, Australia, New Zealand, in Europe and other countries for tracking trade items in stores. sohelmugal products, codes
 
36
2018-08-17 12:58:21
Value Engineering
()
Project Management
()
Value engineering is the review of new or existing products during the design phase to reduce costs and increase functionality in order to increase the value of the product. Value, as defined, is the ratio of function to cost. Value can therefore be manipulated by either improving the function or reducing the cost. sohelmugal value
 
1
2018-08-17 02:55:49
Volt
(V)
Electrical Engineering
(Volt)
The volt is the derived unit for electric potential, electric potential difference (voltage), and electromotive force. One volt is defined as the difference in electric potential between two points of a conducting wire when an electric current of one ampere dissipates one watt of power between those points. It is also equal to the potential difference between two parallel, infinite planes spaced 1 meter apart that create an electric field of 1 newton per coulomb. Additionally, it is the potential difference between two points that will impart one joule of energy per coulomb of charge that passes through it. One Volt is defined as energy consumption of one joule per electric charge of one coulomb. 1V = 1J/C. One volt is equal to current of 1 amp times resistance of 1 ohm. 1V = IR Electricity